Author Topic: Definition of Terms  (Read 27076 times)

Offline zepolleon

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Definition of Terms
« on: September 16, 2008, 10:05:36 am »
This is basically a compilation of definition of terms not included in the FAQ. This is not a troubleshooting thread!

This thread is basically aimed for users trying to find definitions but are too afraid/shy/lazy to ask (since some of them are too trivial).

Note that this thread will be updated from time to time to coincide with standards here in BakaBT. I will try to update the information here as often as possible. If you see any corrections, please feel free to post it.

Playback-relevant definitions:
Codec: is a device or program capable of encoding and/or decoding a digital data stream or signal. There are basically two compression qualities:
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Container format: is a computer file format that can contain various types of data, compressed by means of standardized audio/video codecs. The container file is used to identify and interleave the different data types. Simpler container formats can contain different types of audio codecs, while more advanced container formats can support multiple audio and video streams, subtitles, chapter-information, and meta-data (tags) - along with the synchronization information needed to play back the various streams together. There are various containers used here in Box, the most prevalent are:
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Combined Community Codec Pack or CCCP: is a filter pack for Microsoft Windows designed originally for the playback of anime fansubs. The CCCP is developed and maintained by members of various fansubbing groups. As of 2006, the CCCP is now the official Matroska playback solution on Windows, having superseded the Matroska Playback Pack. This codec pack supports the following:
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... and installs the following:
    * CoreWavPack
    * ffdshow-tryouts (custom build)
    * Gabest's FLV Splitter
    * Gabest's MPV (MPEG-2) Decoder
    * Haali Media Splitter
    * Media Player Classic (Must have)
    * VSFilter
    * Zoom Player

High-definition television (HDTV): is a digital television broadcasting system with higher resolution than traditional television systems (standard-definition TV, or SDTV). 720p and 1080p are quite common here in BoxTorrents.

720p: is the shorthand name for a category of HDTV video modes. The number 720 stands for 720 horizontal scan lines of display resolution (also known as 720 pixels of vertical resolution), while the letter p stands for progressive scan or non-interlaced. When broadcast at 60 frames per second, 720p features the highest temporal (motion) resolution possible under the ATSC standard. 720p has a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, a vertical resolution of 720 pixels and a horizontal resolution of 1280 pixels for a total of 921,600 pixels.

1080p: is the shorthand name for a category of display resolutions. The number "1080" represents 1,080 lines of vertical resolution (1080 horizontal scan lines). 1080p can be referred to as full HD or full high definition to differentiate it from other HDTV video modes.[2] The term usually assumes a widescreen aspect ratio of 16:9, implying a horizontal resolution of 1920 pixels. This creates a frame resolution of 1920×1080, or 2,073,600 pixels in total.

Progressive (or noninterlaced scanning):
is a method for displaying, storing or transmitting moving images in which all the lines of each frame are drawn in sequence. This is in contrast to the interlacing used in traditional television systems where only the odd lines, then the even lines of each frame (each image now called a field) are drawn alternatively.

h.264 encode: is an ITU standard for compressing video based on MPEG-4 that is expected to be widely used, especially for high-definition video. Formerly known as "H.26L" by the ITU, it is also known as "MPEG-4 Part 10" by the ISO MPEG group, which jointly developed the codec. Taking advantage of today's high-speed chips, H.264 delivers MPEG-2 quality at a data rate up to three times smaller. It also provides a frame size four times that of MPEG-4 at the same data rate.
For help in playing h.264 encodes, visit psyren's thread here.

Dolby Digital, or AC-3: is the common version containing up to six discrete channels of sound. The most elaborate mode in common usage involves five channels for normal-range speakers (20 Hz – 20,000 Hz) (right front, center, left front, right rear and left rear) and one channel (20 Hz – 120 Hz) for the subwoofer driven low-frequency effects. Mono and stereo modes are also supported. AC-3 supports audio sample-rates up to 48kHz.

Free Lossless Audio Codec (FLAC): is a file format for lossless audio data compression. Being lossless, FLAC does not remove information from the audio stream, as lossy compression formats such as MP3, AAC, and Vorbis do. FLAC's primary author is Josh Coalson. FLAC reduces bandwidth and storage requirements without sacrificing the integrity of the audio source. A digital audio recording (such as a CD track) encoded to FLAC can be decompressed into an identical copy of the audio data. Audio sources encoded to FLAC are typically reduced in size 40 to 50 percent (46% according to their own comparison). FLAC is suitable for everyday audio playback and archival, with support for tagging, cover art and fast seeking. FLAC's free and open source royalty-free nature makes it well-supported by many software applications, but FLAC playback support in portable audio devices and dedicated audio systems is limited at this time.

Vorbis: is a free and open source, lossy audio codec project headed by the Xiph.Org Foundation and intended to serve as a replacement for MP3. It is most commonly used in conjunction with the Ogg container and is therefore called Ogg Vorbis.

Ogg: is commonly used to refer to audio file format Ogg Vorbis, that is, Vorbis-encoded audio in the Ogg container. Previously, the .ogg file extension was used for any content distributed within Ogg, but as of 2007, the Xiph.Org Foundation requests that .ogg be used only for Vorbis due to backward compatibility concerns. The Xiph.Org Foundation decided to create a new set of file extensions and media types to describe different types of content such as .oga for audio only files, .ogv for video with or without sound (including Theora), and .ogx for applications.

Blu-ray Disc (also known as Blu-ray or BD): is an optical disc storage media format. Its main uses are high-definition video and data storage. The disc has the same physical dimensions as a standard DVD or CD.
The name Blu-ray Disc is derived from the blue laser (violet colored) used to read and write this type of disc. Because of its shorter wavelength (405 nm), substantially more data can be stored on a Blu-ray Disc than on the DVD format, which uses a red (650 nm) laser. A dual layer Blu-ray Disc can store 50 GB, almost six times the capacity of a double-dual layer DVD (or more than 10 times if single-layer).

Media Player Classic: the video player of choice for BxT users. Uses less memory than the standard Windows Media Player, and good compatibility across various file formats. A thorough tutorial can be found here for those using the player the first time, or can't get their player to work for a certain file type.


Site-related definitions:
BBT: shorthand for BakaBT.

Anime: you wouldn't be here if you didn't know this. Basically Japanese animation, or any animation produced by Japanese that more or less coincides with their own style.

FAQ: BoxTorrents has its own FAQ (Frequently-asked questions) here. Please visit the Faq before asking any questions regarding the site.

SFV (Simple File Verification): is a file format for storing CRC32 checksums of files in order to verify the integrity of files. SFV can be used to detect random corruptions in a file, but cannot be used for checking authenticity in any meaningful way. Typically, the .sfv extension is used on SFV files.

Hentai: is a Japanese word that, in the West, is used when referring to sexually explicit or pornographic comics and animation, particularly Japanese anime, manga and computer games. In Japan it can be used to mean "metamorphosis" or "abnormality". The word "hentai" has a negative connotation to the Japanese and is commonly used to mean "sexually perverted".

Original video animation: is a term originating from Japanese animation (anime) for animated films and series which are made specially to be released on home video formats. The majority are released direct-to-video, without prior showings on TV or in theatres, however, there may be very rare occasions where, for example, the first part of an OVA series is broadcast for promotional purposes. OVA titles were originally made available on VHS, later becoming more popular on LaserDisc and eventually DVD.

Multiaudio: basically two or more audio dubs in a single container, prevalent in DVD releases.

Fansubs: is a version of a foreign film or foreign television program which has been translated by fans and subtitled into a language other than that of the original.

Seinen: is a subset of manga that is generally targeted at an 18–30 year old male audience, but the audience can be much older with some comics aimed at businessmen well into their 40s. It has a wide variety of art styles and more variation in subject matter, ranging from the avant-garde to the pornographic.

Shounen manga: comics typically aimed at young males between the ages of about 8 and 18.

Shoujo: it refers to anything of, for, or about school-age girls, often with romantic connotations.

Kodomo: is a Japanese term that literally means "animation directed towards children". It refers to a genre of Japanese comics (manga) and cartoons (anime) that are aimed at a younger audience. However, for many non-Japanese fans of these media, the name is cut to simply Kodomo.

C+D Notice: A cease and desist (also called C & D) is an order or request to halt an activity, or else face legal action. The recipient of the cease-and-desist may be an individual or an organization. The term is used in two different contexts. A cease-and-desist order can be issued by a judge or government authority, and has a well-defined legal meaning. In contrast, a cease-and-desist letter can be sent by anyone, although typically they are drafted by a lawyer. Fansub groups receiving such letters will halt the subbing+distribution of series/movies indicated in the notice, although some groups use it as some "publicity stunt" or troll (recent example: Toradora by GG Fansubs).

Definitons taken from Wikipedia, the CCCP Wiki and PCMag Encyclopedia.

A similar article can be found here, on the BakaBT Wiki.

Hope this helps. Happy reading!
« Last Edit: September 24, 2010, 08:22:40 pm by Duki3003 »

Terminologies.
Remember to use the spoiler tag.

Offline MarchHare

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #1 on: September 16, 2008, 10:20:39 am »
perhaps we should merge parts of this this with the wiki?

Offline kureshii

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #2 on: September 16, 2008, 01:19:50 pm »
I was thinking the same thing. Put it on the wiki, it will get a bigger audience.

Offline zepolleon

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #3 on: September 16, 2008, 01:44:13 pm »
Will do... just trying to figure things out.

Stumped. Can anyone please tell me how to add articles for BoxWiki? I have no experience whatsoever in contributing articles to any wiki.

Appreciate your help!
« Last Edit: September 16, 2008, 01:47:05 pm by zepolleon »

Terminologies.
Remember to use the spoiler tag.

Offline psyren

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #4 on: September 16, 2008, 02:43:26 pm »
Shojo -> Shoujo.
Shonen -> Shounen.

Should also add 'container'. There is a thread in the playback section that deals with that (touches on it, rather), so perhaps add that to your post.

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Offline kureshii

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #5 on: September 17, 2008, 01:57:50 am »
Will do... just trying to figure things out.

Stumped. Can anyone please tell me how to add articles for BoxWiki? I have no experience whatsoever in contributing articles to any wiki.

Appreciate your help!
I'm no wiki guru, but as far as I know, make account -> go to page -> click edit. Which step are you stuck at?

Offline zepolleon

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #6 on: September 17, 2008, 02:40:34 am »
I think "Edit" is used for editing the page you're currently in (checked it a few times).

I wish to create a new article on the wiki regarding this subject.

Shojo -> Shoujo.
Shonen -> Shounen.

Should also add 'container'. There is a thread in the playback section that deals with that (touches on it, rather), so perhaps add that to your post.

Done. Added a few revisions as well.

Terminologies.
Remember to use the spoiler tag.

Offline iindigo

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #7 on: September 17, 2008, 03:29:33 am »
There might be a better way, but the way I always create page is like this:

1. Enter what you'd think the URL for your page would be (for example, yours might be http://wiki.boxtorrents.com/index.php/Terms). Use capitals in the URL where you want them in the page title
2. Page comes up that says "this page doesn't exist"
3. Click "Edit this Page", enter what you want, hit "Save Page" and bam, the page now exists.

Offline kureshii

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #8 on: September 17, 2008, 03:48:34 am »
Ooh, iindigo beat me to it. I just input the new page title in the search box, and do the same thing from step 2 onwards.

Offline zepolleon

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #9 on: September 17, 2008, 04:45:53 am »
nice.

I'll try that.

[EDIT] Probably in 5 hours, classes are starting. Will try doing it now.

DONE. I just can't figure out how to add the link to the article onto the main page. Any ideas? I tried internal link, but apparently it kept saying "page doesn't exist".

Thanks for your help!
« Last Edit: September 17, 2008, 05:40:48 am by zepolleon »

Terminologies.
Remember to use the spoiler tag.

Offline iindigo

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #10 on: September 17, 2008, 06:10:57 am »
It's great that you're contributing to the wiki, zepollion, but there's a problem with the pages you created...

...the .php on the end of all the titles. It's not necessary in wikiland :P Any chance we could get a mod to rename them?

Offline zepolleon

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #11 on: September 17, 2008, 07:05:02 am »
It's great that you're contributing to the wiki, zepollion, but there's a problem with the pages you created...

...the .php on the end of all the titles. It's not necessary in wikiland :P Any chance we could get a mod to rename them?


Removing .php did the trick (by moving). Now available from the main page.

if there is a need for any more revisions, let me know ^^ tnx a lot

Terminologies.
Remember to use the spoiler tag.

Offline Temuthril

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #12 on: September 18, 2008, 06:09:12 pm »
Ogm is a fairly old and non-used container, but could you include it? Some older dual audio rips use it.

Offline zepolleon

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #13 on: September 19, 2008, 03:20:03 am »
Ogm is a fairly old and non-used container, but could you include it? Some older dual audio rips use it.

Done, along with the few minor edits.

[EDIT] Anything else, let me know. I'll revise them without notice.
« Last Edit: September 19, 2008, 03:46:32 pm by zepolleon »

Terminologies.
Remember to use the spoiler tag.

Offline Exabyte2e64

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #14 on: February 15, 2009, 08:58:19 am »
Just a thought: you might want to add definitions for 480p and 576p and their relationships to the NTSC and PAL and SECAM television SDTV standards.

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Offline Arieslady00

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #15 on: April 08, 2009, 05:23:02 am »
I feel silly asking this, but what does KH mean?

Offline quekmeister

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #16 on: April 11, 2009, 02:52:00 pm »
I feel silly asking this, but what does KH mean?
Uh, presumably it is the ripping group called Khmer Hentai.

Offline Godfoster

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #17 on: July 20, 2009, 10:04:39 am »
Just a thought: you might want to add definitions for 480p and 576p and their relationships to the NTSC and PAL and SECAM television SDTV standards.



Don't forget that the Wiki is editable by anyone with an account.  If you have an idea of how to define these terms, go for it!  I have very little knowledge of the PAL or SECAM standards myself, so I cannot contribute to the topic you suggested.

Offline nacho5551

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #18 on: September 10, 2009, 01:34:04 am »
maybe im just being stupid but what/who is [ws] ??

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Offline blubart

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Re: Definition of Terms
« Reply #19 on: September 10, 2009, 01:34:54 am »
WideScreen ~ 16:9